Welcome!

@ThingsExpo Authors: Liz McMillan, Jason Bloomberg, Yeshim Deniz, Elizabeth White, Ed Featherston

Related Topics: @ThingsExpo, Containers Expo Blog, @DevOpsSummit

@ThingsExpo: Blog Post

Your Car and the Future of Software Delivery | @ThingsExpo #IoT #M2M #ML #DevOps

The volume of code running in cars is representative of the central & growing role software plays in the automotive industry

If you're looking to predict how things should work in the future, start by looking in the right places in the present. Innovations in technology, management and collaboration that will change the way we work are already up and running in visionary organizations. Ever since reading Robert Charette's IEEE article titled This Car Runs on Code, I've been fascinated by the fact that the 100 million lines of code in cars represents one of the most complex software artifacts that we interact with day-to-day. That falls just above the number of lines of code you will find in Mac OS X, and in the same order of magnitude of complexity as the DNA of a mouse - as artfully illustrated by David McCandless on the Information Is Beautiful blog.

The volume of code running in cars is representative of the central and growing role that software plays in the automotive industry. The 2009 IEEE article highlighted a new "BMW Assist" system, that uses data from the car's air-bag, engine and other control units, along with cellular communication and GPS, to inform emergency response teams of location and injury severity. Recently, I saw a post by a mother praising the BMW Assist system (along with other technological innovations in the i8) for saving her son's life.

Likewise, Volvo has taken the potential that software and sensors provide to promise "death-proof cars" by 2020. These trends, along with autonomous driving, are creating the need for a whole new scale of software-centric innovation and are expanding the software in tomorrow's cars beyond 200 million lines of code. Software is becoming the most expensive part of the car. And this trend goes beyond cars to increasingly smarter devices across the board.

Large-scale software delivery is one of the most challenging and most important endeavors an organization can undertake. We've seen the most trivial software delivery mistakes cause business calamities. Things get even more interesting when hardware and software are mixed. For example, a software update in the Nest thermostat resulted in people unable to heat their homes during one of the coldest weekends of 2015. The bottom line is that organizations that master large-scale software delivery will thrive, while those that get trapped in its pitfalls will fall further and further behind.

Visibility into the software supply chain, automated reporting across individual boundaries and real-time flow across the software delivery value stream are critical to delivering the benefits of lean manufacturing to software. The "Industry 4.0" initiative is starting to force a connection between lean manufacturing and lean software delivery. It's at this intersection of a mature lean discipline and a new one that we're learning some of the key lessons for the future of software delivery. I've summarized a few below.

Connect the Software Supply Chain
The world around us is transforming into a set of Internet of Things (IoT) devices with microprocessors and sensors, including the world within the car. Automobile parts come from dozens of suppliers, and all of those microprocessors are running more and more code. This has transformed a hardware and part-centric supply chain, which the world learned to manage via lean manufacturing principles originating from the Toyota Production System (TPS), to a software supply chain.

Managing a software supply chain requires managing the lifecycles of numerous applications across company boundaries. To make this management possible, you need tool support. Although sometimes it's feasible to make everyone use the same supply chain management system (demonstrated by the success of the Android ecosystem, which forced members of the ecosystem to use Git), it is not possible to make suppliers use the same requirement, defect and issue tracking tools, because they tend to be development platform and company-size specific.

As a result, a new layer of integration infrastructure is required to connect the planning and tracking layer of the ecosystem. Without it, the speed of delivery is limited by the inefficiency of sending spreadsheets of requirements and defects around via email. When an integration hub is put in place to connect suppliers, a lean software supply chain becomes possible. For instance, as soon as a defect is found in a test drive or simulation, that defect can be routed in real-time to the right software supplier. As soon as the supplier commits a fix, and updates the workflow status of the defect in its issue tracker, the simulation or test drive can be rescheduled.

When you consider the bottleneck that managing tens of thousands of requirements across millions of lines of code via email and spreadsheets creates, there's a clear 10x efficiency and speed gain to be had.

Gain Visibility Across the Software Supply Chain
Connecting the software value stream across suppliers enables efficiency because artifacts like requirements and defects are moving in real-time, instead of being batched up and becoming bottlenecks. Equally as important as gaining efficiency is a gain in visibility - to show how software development is proceeding across the software supply chain. Without visibility, it is impossible to identify bottlenecks and apply the same continuous improvement that transformed manufacturing to the world of software.

When your software suppliers are not connected to your organization's lifecycle, you are relying on slow, manual, error- and opinion-prone methods of reporting. When that connectivity is automated, it becomes easy to see that a particular software component is causing a disproportionate number of defects or performance problems, and to quickly adapt. This is as important for traditional supplier relationships as it is for open source dependencies.

For example, if an open sources component that you depend on raises a security issue in the issue tracker, and that security defect does not appear immediately for your organization within its own lifecycle tools, you are now much more likely to release a component with that vulnerability. Forward-thinking automotive manufacturers are teaching us that visibility and continuous improvement are needed not just across an organization's developers and IT staff, but across the entire software supply chain.

Automate Requirements Traceability
Requirements traceability is a critical and often a regulatory requirement for devices that we fly or drive around in. But, it is notoriously difficult and expensive to gain this traceability, resulting in the "traceability gap." This causes additional non-value add work and re-work to connect requirements to defects to tests to builds, and so on, as things change. With the pace of software delivery today, change is the only constant.

The problem is not the change itself, but the disconnected nature of the change. For example, when developers change a line of code, they generally know the requirement they are working on and the release the change will go into. But they tend not to update three or more systems voluntarily when making that change. By creating an integration layer that connects the creation or update of any artifact to the downstream and upstream artifacts, such as requirements and builds, it is possible to completely automate requirements traceability.

I know this first hand as it's exactly what we've done at Tasktop. Not only does that mean that audits of our R&D require almost no effort, but our delivery is actually much more productive because developers can instantly access the code relevant to a changed requirement, for example, from one of our 10 OEM partners. What's even more exciting is that we are now starting to apply that same traceability and linking automation to large-scale automotive and manufacturing delivery, where the gains will be even larger.

Apply DevOps Principles to Systems Engineering
The lessons discussed here have been about applying scaled Agile and lean principles to software delivery. The aspect not discussed yet is connecting the build, test and deployment parts of the software lifecycle to reduce not just the development part, but also the overall cycle time. One challenge with manufacturing is how different the development environment is from the environment in which the deployed product is tested and used. If you're developing a web application, your operational and test environment are almost identical. A combination of VMs or, better yet, Docker containers, along with some service virtualization and test data automation, mean that you will have an automated layer for finding defects and then deploying to production.

Contrast that with a car, where the production environment could be flying down the road at 100 miles per hour, disconnected from any network. But the principles of DevOps still apply, in that the more you can automate the connectivity and process of testing and deployment, the more successful you will be. The grand challenge becomes creating a virtual environment where the principles of DevOps can apply to manufacturing. This has to go well beyond the test automation that we do for IT projects, which is why simulation is such an important trend in manufacturing. Once the production environment is simulated, it is possible to gain the velocity and cycle time gains of DevOps for embedded systems and devices. When a build fails at Tasktop because an Agile vendor just changed the semantics of an API call in its latest point release, a defect is instantly created on the backlog of the team that supports that connector.

By virtue of having created our Integration Factory, a simulation environment for Agile/SDLC/DevOps data and tools, we now measure a three-day Mean Time to Resolution (MTTR) for a defect discovered in a customer's on-premises environment to an updated build being in the customer's hands. The potential that this kind of simulation and connected lifecycle integration has for transforming complex manufacturing is tremendous.

The automotive industry is once again back at the forefront of technological innovation, and poised to have a very positive impact on everything from our safety to the shape of our cities in the coming decades. Effective large-scale software delivery is the discipline that will determine the success and the timing of these changes.

More Stories By Mik Kersten

Dr. Kersten is the CEO of Tasktop Technologies, creator and leader of the Eclipse Mylyn open source project, and inventor of the task-focused interface. His goal is to create the collaborative infrastructure to connect knowledge workers in the new world of software delivery. At Tasktop, Mik drives Tasktop’s strategic direction, key partnerships, and culture of customer-focused innovation. Prior to Tasktop, Mik launched a series of open source tools that changed the way software developers collaborate. As a research scientist at Xerox PARC, he created the first aspect-oriented development tools for AspectJ. He then created the task-focused interface during his PhD thesis and validated it with the release of Mylyn, now downloaded 2 million times per month. Building on the success of Mylyn, he created the Tasktop Dev and Sync product lines.

Mik's ideas on Application Lifecycle Management (ALM) and focus on individual knowledge worker needs make him a popular keynote speaker; he has been recognized with awards such as the JavaOne Rock Star and the IBM developerWorks Java top 10 writers of the decade. Mik's entrepreneurial contributions have been acknowledged by the 2012 Business in Vancouver 40 under 40, and as a World Technology Awards finalist in the IT Software category. Building on his contributions as one of the most prolific committers to Eclipse, he serves on the Eclipse Foundation's Board of Directors and web service standards bodies.

Comments (0)

Share your thoughts on this story.

Add your comment
You must be signed in to add a comment. Sign-in | Register

In accordance with our Comment Policy, we encourage comments that are on topic, relevant and to-the-point. We will remove comments that include profanity, personal attacks, racial slurs, threats of violence, or other inappropriate material that violates our Terms and Conditions, and will block users who make repeated violations. We ask all readers to expect diversity of opinion and to treat one another with dignity and respect.


@ThingsExpo Stories
A strange thing is happening along the way to the Internet of Things, namely far too many devices to work with and manage. It has become clear that we'll need much higher efficiency user experiences that can allow us to more easily and scalably work with the thousands of devices that will soon be in each of our lives. Enter the conversational interface revolution, combining bots we can literally talk with, gesture to, and even direct with our thoughts, with embedded artificial intelligence, whic...
Imagine if you will, a retail floor so densely packed with sensors that they can pick up the movements of insects scurrying across a store aisle. Or a component of a piece of factory equipment so well-instrumented that its digital twin provides resolution down to the micrometer.
In his keynote at 18th Cloud Expo, Andrew Keys, Co-Founder of ConsenSys Enterprise, provided an overview of the evolution of the Internet and the Database and the future of their combination – the Blockchain. Andrew Keys is Co-Founder of ConsenSys Enterprise. He comes to ConsenSys Enterprise with capital markets, technology and entrepreneurial experience. Previously, he worked for UBS investment bank in equities analysis. Later, he was responsible for the creation and distribution of life settle...
Product connectivity goes hand and hand these days with increased use of personal data. New IoT devices are becoming more personalized than ever before. In his session at 22nd Cloud Expo | DXWorld Expo, Nicolas Fierro, CEO of MIMIR Blockchain Solutions, will discuss how in order to protect your data and privacy, IoT applications need to embrace Blockchain technology for a new level of product security never before seen - or needed.
BnkToTheFuture.com is the largest online investment platform for investing in FinTech, Bitcoin and Blockchain companies. We believe the future of finance looks very different from the past and we aim to invest and provide trading opportunities for qualifying investors that want to build a portfolio in the sector in compliance with international financial regulations.
Leading companies, from the Global Fortune 500 to the smallest companies, are adopting hybrid cloud as the path to business advantage. Hybrid cloud depends on cloud services and on-premises infrastructure working in unison. Successful implementations require new levels of data mobility, enabled by an automated and seamless flow across on-premises and cloud resources. In his general session at 21st Cloud Expo, Greg Tevis, an IBM Storage Software Technical Strategist and Customer Solution Architec...
Nordstrom is transforming the way that they do business and the cloud is the key to enabling speed and hyper personalized customer experiences. In his session at 21st Cloud Expo, Ken Schow, VP of Engineering at Nordstrom, discussed some of the key learnings and common pitfalls of large enterprises moving to the cloud. This includes strategies around choosing a cloud provider(s), architecture, and lessons learned. In addition, he covered some of the best practices for structured team migration an...
No hype cycles or predictions of a gazillion things here. IoT is here. You get it. You know your business and have great ideas for a business transformation strategy. What comes next? Time to make it happen. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Jay Mason, an Associate Partner of Analytics, IoT & Cybersecurity at M&S Consulting, presented a step-by-step plan to develop your technology implementation strategy. He also discussed the evaluation of communication standards and IoT messaging protocols, data...
Coca-Cola’s Google powered digital signage system lays the groundwork for a more valuable connection between Coke and its customers. Digital signs pair software with high-resolution displays so that a message can be changed instantly based on what the operator wants to communicate or sell. In their Day 3 Keynote at 21st Cloud Expo, Greg Chambers, Global Group Director, Digital Innovation, Coca-Cola, and Vidya Nagarajan, a Senior Product Manager at Google, discussed how from store operations and ...
In his session at 21st Cloud Expo, Raju Shreewastava, founder of Big Data Trunk, provided a fun and simple way to introduce Machine Leaning to anyone and everyone. He solved a machine learning problem and demonstrated an easy way to be able to do machine learning without even coding. Raju Shreewastava is the founder of Big Data Trunk (www.BigDataTrunk.com), a Big Data Training and consulting firm with offices in the United States. He previously led the data warehouse/business intelligence and B...
"IBM is really all in on blockchain. We take a look at sort of the history of blockchain ledger technologies. It started out with bitcoin, Ethereum, and IBM evaluated these particular blockchain technologies and found they were anonymous and permissionless and that many companies were looking for permissioned blockchain," stated René Bostic, Technical VP of the IBM Cloud Unit in North America, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 21st Cloud Expo, held Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Conventi...
When shopping for a new data processing platform for IoT solutions, many development teams want to be able to test-drive options before making a choice. Yet when evaluating an IoT solution, it’s simply not feasible to do so at scale with physical devices. Building a sensor simulator is the next best choice; however, generating a realistic simulation at very high TPS with ease of configurability is a formidable challenge. When dealing with multiple application or transport protocols, you would be...
Smart cities have the potential to change our lives at so many levels for citizens: less pollution, reduced parking obstacles, better health, education and more energy savings. Real-time data streaming and the Internet of Things (IoT) possess the power to turn this vision into a reality. However, most organizations today are building their data infrastructure to focus solely on addressing immediate business needs vs. a platform capable of quickly adapting emerging technologies to address future ...
We are given a desktop platform with Java 8 or Java 9 installed and seek to find a way to deploy high-performance Java applications that use Java 3D and/or Jogl without having to run an installer. We are subject to the constraint that the applications be signed and deployed so that they can be run in a trusted environment (i.e., outside of the sandbox). Further, we seek to do this in a way that does not depend on bundling a JRE with our applications, as this makes downloads and installations rat...
Widespread fragmentation is stalling the growth of the IIoT and making it difficult for partners to work together. The number of software platforms, apps, hardware and connectivity standards is creating paralysis among businesses that are afraid of being locked into a solution. EdgeX Foundry is unifying the community around a common IoT edge framework and an ecosystem of interoperable components.
DX World EXPO, LLC, a Lighthouse Point, Florida-based startup trade show producer and the creator of "DXWorldEXPO® - Digital Transformation Conference & Expo" has announced its executive management team. The team is headed by Levent Selamoglu, who has been named CEO. "Now is the time for a truly global DX event, to bring together the leading minds from the technology world in a conversation about Digital Transformation," he said in making the announcement.
In this strange new world where more and more power is drawn from business technology, companies are effectively straddling two paths on the road to innovation and transformation into digital enterprises. The first path is the heritage trail – with “legacy” technology forming the background. Here, extant technologies are transformed by core IT teams to provide more API-driven approaches. Legacy systems can restrict companies that are transitioning into digital enterprises. To truly become a lead...
Digital Transformation (DX) is not a "one-size-fits all" strategy. Each organization needs to develop its own unique, long-term DX plan. It must do so by realizing that we now live in a data-driven age, and that technologies such as Cloud Computing, Big Data, the IoT, Cognitive Computing, and Blockchain are only tools. In her general session at 21st Cloud Expo, Rebecca Wanta explained how the strategy must focus on DX and include a commitment from top management to create great IT jobs, monitor ...
"Cloud Academy is an enterprise training platform for the cloud, specifically public clouds. We offer guided learning experiences on AWS, Azure, Google Cloud and all the surrounding methodologies and technologies that you need to know and your teams need to know in order to leverage the full benefits of the cloud," explained Alex Brower, VP of Marketing at Cloud Academy, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 21st Cloud Expo, held Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clar...
The IoT Will Grow: In what might be the most obvious prediction of the decade, the IoT will continue to expand next year, with more and more devices coming online every single day. What isn’t so obvious about this prediction: where that growth will occur. The retail, healthcare, and industrial/supply chain industries will likely see the greatest growth. Forrester Research has predicted the IoT will become “the backbone” of customer value as it continues to grow. It is no surprise that retail is ...